1421 : the year China discovered the world
av Menzies, Gavin .Utgiver: Bantam Press 2002 .Beskrivelse: xix, 520 s., pl. fotografier, tegninger, kart .ISBN: 0593050789.Emne(r): Oppdagelsesreiser | Kina -- Historie
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|910.92 Mcl Captain Cook master of the Seas||910.92 Pol Boken om Marco Polo borger av Venezia||910.92 Tho Discoveries the voyages of captain Cook||910.951 Men 1421 the year China discovered the world||910.92 Nor Norske maritime oppdagere og ekspedisjoner gjennom tusen år||911 Cap Cappelens historiske atlas||911 Sel Globalhistorisk atlas|
I. Imperial China. The Emperor's grand plan -- A thunderbolt strikes -- The fleets set sail -- II. The guiding stars. Rounding the Cape -- The New World -- III. The voyage of Hong Bao. Voyage to Antarctica and Australia -- IV. The voyage of Zhou Man. Australia -- The Barrier Reef and the Spice Islands -- The first colony in the Americas -- Colonies in Central America -- V. The voyage of Zhou Wen. Satan's Island -- The treasure fleet runs aground -- Settlement in North America -- Expedition to the North Pole -- VI. The voyage of Yang Qing. Solving the riddle -- VII. Portugal inherits the crown. Where the Earth ends -- Colonizing the New World -- On the shoulders of giants -- Epilogue : the Chinese legacy -- Postscript -- Appendix 1. Chinese circumnavigation of the world, 1421-3 : index of supporting evidence -- Appendix 2. Eyewitness diaries -- Appendix 3. Key charts describing the first navigation of the world -- Appendix 4. The determination of longitude by the Chinese in the early fifteenth century.
On March 8, 1421, the largest fleet the world had ever seen set sail from China to "proceed all the way to the ends of the earth to collect tribute from the barbarians beyond the seas." When the fleet returned home in October 1423, the emperor had fallen, leaving China in political and economic chaos. The great ships were left to rot at their moorings and the records of their journeys were destroyed. Lost in the long, self-imposed isolation that followed was the knowledge that Chinese ships had reached America seventy years before Columbus and had circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan. And they colonized America before the Europeans, transplanting the principal economic crops that have since fed and clothed the world.